Molecular and functional characterization of Fcγ receptor IIIb-ligand interaction: Implications for neutrophil-mediated immune mechanisms in malaria

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Piyapong Simtong
  • Amornrat V Romphruk
  • Annalena Traum
  • Monika Burg-Roderfeld
  • Gregor Bein
  • Konstantin Jakubowski
  • Andreas Dominik
  • Theisen, Michael
  • Kana, Ikhlaq Hussain
  • Ulrich J Sachs
  • Sentot Santoso

The Fcγ receptor IIIb (FcγRIIIb) is a low-affinity receptor of IgG and is essential in neutrophil-mediated effector functions. Different allelic forms of FcγRIIIb carrying human neutrophil antigen (HNA-1a, -1b, -1c, and -1d) have been identified. Here, we have generated stable transfected HEK293 cell lines expressing HNA-1aa, -1bb, and -1bc. Of these, cells expressing HNA-1bc interacted significantly stronger (binding affinities, 2.277 versus 0.743) with human IgG than cells expressing the HNA-1aa or -1bb alloforms. The higher affinity of IgG toward the HNA-1c alloform was confirmed using neutrophils derived from German blood donors. Neutrophils from HNA-1abc-phenotyped individuals bound IgG significantly stronger (1.825 versus 0.903) than did neutrophils from HNA-1ab-typed individuals. These findings were confirmed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis demonstrating that recombinant HNA-1bc had a higher affinity (dissociation constant [Kd ], 7.24 × 10-6 M) than recombinant HNA-1bb (Kd , 1.15 × 10-5 M) against normal IgG. Finally, we demonstrated that Plasmodium falciparum merozoites opsonized with human IgG affinity purified against P. falciparum glutamate-rich protein (GLURP) enhanced stronger reactive oxygen species (ROS) emission in neutrophils obtained from HNA-1abc donors than in neutrophils from HNA-1ab donors. Collectively, these results indicate that the amino acid substitution Ala78Asp resulting in the HNA-1c allotype leads to higher affinity toward human IgG, enhancement of neutrophil activation, and possibly effective clearance of malaria by intracellular ROS.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00924-17
JournalInfection and Immunity
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2018

ID: 200967043