Vitamin D counteracts Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation in dendritic cells and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Vitamin D counteracts Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation in dendritic cells and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion. / Rode, Anna K.O.; Kongsbak, Martin; Hansen, Marie M.; Lopez, Daniel Villalba; Levring, Trine B.; Woetmann, Anders; Ødum, Niels; Bonefeld, Charlotte M.; Geisler, Carsten.

In: Frontiers in Immunology, Vol. 8, 656, 05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rode, AKO, Kongsbak, M, Hansen, MM, Lopez, DV, Levring, TB, Woetmann, A, Ødum, N, Bonefeld, CM & Geisler, C 2017, 'Vitamin D counteracts Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation in dendritic cells and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion', Frontiers in Immunology, vol. 8, 656. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00656

APA

Rode, A. K. O., Kongsbak, M., Hansen, M. M., Lopez, D. V., Levring, T. B., Woetmann, A., ... Geisler, C. (2017). Vitamin D counteracts Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation in dendritic cells and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion. Frontiers in Immunology, 8, [656]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00656

Vancouver

Rode AKO, Kongsbak M, Hansen MM, Lopez DV, Levring TB, Woetmann A et al. Vitamin D counteracts Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation in dendritic cells and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion. Frontiers in Immunology. 2017 May;8. 656. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00656

Author

Rode, Anna K.O. ; Kongsbak, Martin ; Hansen, Marie M. ; Lopez, Daniel Villalba ; Levring, Trine B. ; Woetmann, Anders ; Ødum, Niels ; Bonefeld, Charlotte M. ; Geisler, Carsten. / Vitamin D counteracts Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation in dendritic cells and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion. In: Frontiers in Immunology. 2017 ; Vol. 8.

Bibtex

@article{9ac6d2502daa455285d188665e7856fc,
title = "Vitamin D counteracts Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation in dendritic cells and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion",
abstract = "Tuberculosis (TB) presents a serious health problem with approximately one-third of the world's population infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a latent state. Experience from the pre-antibiotic era and more recent clinical studies have established a beneficial role of sunlight and vitamin D in patients with TB. At the same time, experimental data have shown that Th1 cells through production of IFNγ are crucial for cathelicidin release by macrophages, bacterial killing, and containment of M. tuberculosis in granulomas. Paradoxically, vitamin D has repeatedly been ascribed an immune-suppressive function inhibiting Th1 differentiation and production of IFNγ in T cells. The aim of this study was to investigate this apparent paradox. We studied na{\"i}ve human CD4+ T cells activated either with CD3 and CD28 antibodies or with allogeneic dendritic cells (DC) stimulated with heat-killed M. tuberculosis (HKMT) or purified toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. We show that vitamin D does not block differentiation of human CD4+ T cells to Th1 cells and that interleukin (IL)-12 partially counteracts vitamin D-mediated inhibition of IFNγ production promoting production of equal amounts of IFNγ in Th1 cells in the presence of vitamin D as in T cells activated in the absence of vitamin D and IL-12. Furthermore, we show that HKMT and TLR2 ligands strongly downregulate cathelicidin expression in DC and that vitamin D counteracts this by upregulating cathelicidin expression. In conclusion, we demonstrate that vitamin D counteracts M. tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion.",
keywords = "Cathelicidin, Dendritic cells, IFNγ, T cells, Th1, Tuberculosis, Vitamin D",
author = "Rode, {Anna K.O.} and Martin Kongsbak and Hansen, {Marie M.} and Lopez, {Daniel Villalba} and Levring, {Trine B.} and Anders Woetmann and Niels {\O}dum and Bonefeld, {Charlotte M.} and Carsten Geisler",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
doi = "10.3389/fimmu.2017.00656",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Frontiers in Immunology",
issn = "1664-3224",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vitamin D counteracts Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation in dendritic cells and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion

AU - Rode, Anna K.O.

AU - Kongsbak, Martin

AU - Hansen, Marie M.

AU - Lopez, Daniel Villalba

AU - Levring, Trine B.

AU - Woetmann, Anders

AU - Ødum, Niels

AU - Bonefeld, Charlotte M.

AU - Geisler, Carsten

PY - 2017/5

Y1 - 2017/5

N2 - Tuberculosis (TB) presents a serious health problem with approximately one-third of the world's population infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a latent state. Experience from the pre-antibiotic era and more recent clinical studies have established a beneficial role of sunlight and vitamin D in patients with TB. At the same time, experimental data have shown that Th1 cells through production of IFNγ are crucial for cathelicidin release by macrophages, bacterial killing, and containment of M. tuberculosis in granulomas. Paradoxically, vitamin D has repeatedly been ascribed an immune-suppressive function inhibiting Th1 differentiation and production of IFNγ in T cells. The aim of this study was to investigate this apparent paradox. We studied naïve human CD4+ T cells activated either with CD3 and CD28 antibodies or with allogeneic dendritic cells (DC) stimulated with heat-killed M. tuberculosis (HKMT) or purified toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. We show that vitamin D does not block differentiation of human CD4+ T cells to Th1 cells and that interleukin (IL)-12 partially counteracts vitamin D-mediated inhibition of IFNγ production promoting production of equal amounts of IFNγ in Th1 cells in the presence of vitamin D as in T cells activated in the absence of vitamin D and IL-12. Furthermore, we show that HKMT and TLR2 ligands strongly downregulate cathelicidin expression in DC and that vitamin D counteracts this by upregulating cathelicidin expression. In conclusion, we demonstrate that vitamin D counteracts M. tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion.

AB - Tuberculosis (TB) presents a serious health problem with approximately one-third of the world's population infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a latent state. Experience from the pre-antibiotic era and more recent clinical studies have established a beneficial role of sunlight and vitamin D in patients with TB. At the same time, experimental data have shown that Th1 cells through production of IFNγ are crucial for cathelicidin release by macrophages, bacterial killing, and containment of M. tuberculosis in granulomas. Paradoxically, vitamin D has repeatedly been ascribed an immune-suppressive function inhibiting Th1 differentiation and production of IFNγ in T cells. The aim of this study was to investigate this apparent paradox. We studied naïve human CD4+ T cells activated either with CD3 and CD28 antibodies or with allogeneic dendritic cells (DC) stimulated with heat-killed M. tuberculosis (HKMT) or purified toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. We show that vitamin D does not block differentiation of human CD4+ T cells to Th1 cells and that interleukin (IL)-12 partially counteracts vitamin D-mediated inhibition of IFNγ production promoting production of equal amounts of IFNγ in Th1 cells in the presence of vitamin D as in T cells activated in the absence of vitamin D and IL-12. Furthermore, we show that HKMT and TLR2 ligands strongly downregulate cathelicidin expression in DC and that vitamin D counteracts this by upregulating cathelicidin expression. In conclusion, we demonstrate that vitamin D counteracts M. tuberculosis-induced cathelicidin downregulation and allows Th1 differentiation and IFNγ secretion.

KW - Cathelicidin

KW - Dendritic cells

KW - IFNγ

KW - T cells

KW - Th1

KW - Tuberculosis

KW - Vitamin D

U2 - 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00656

DO - 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00656

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28620394

AN - SCOPUS:85020048702

VL - 8

JO - Frontiers in Immunology

JF - Frontiers in Immunology

SN - 1664-3224

M1 - 656

ER -

ID: 186875197