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Placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites is mediated by the interaction between VAR2CSA and chondroitin sulfate A on syndecan-1

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Placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites is mediated by the interaction between VAR2CSA and chondroitin sulfate A on syndecan-1. / Ayres Pereira, Marina; Mandel Clausen, Thomas; Pehrson, Caroline; Mao, Yang; Resende, Mafalda; Daugaard, Mads; Riis Kristensen, Anders; Spliid, Charlotte Bredo; Mathiesen, Line; E Knudsen, Lisbeth; Damm, Peter; G Theander, Thor; R Hansson, Stefan; A Nielsen, Morten; Salanti, Ali.

In: P L o S Pathogens, Vol. 12, No. 8, e1005831, 08.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Ayres Pereira, M, Mandel Clausen, T, Pehrson, C, Mao, Y, Resende, M, Daugaard, M, Riis Kristensen, A, Spliid, CB, Mathiesen, L, E Knudsen, L, Damm, P, G Theander, T, R Hansson, S, A Nielsen, M & Salanti, A 2016, 'Placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites is mediated by the interaction between VAR2CSA and chondroitin sulfate A on syndecan-1' P L o S Pathogens, vol 12, no. 8, e1005831. DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005831

APA

Ayres Pereira, M., Mandel Clausen, T., Pehrson, C., Mao, Y., Resende, M., Daugaard, M., ... Salanti, A. (2016). Placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites is mediated by the interaction between VAR2CSA and chondroitin sulfate A on syndecan-1. P L o S Pathogens, 12(8), [e1005831]. DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005831

Vancouver

Ayres Pereira M, Mandel Clausen T, Pehrson C, Mao Y, Resende M, Daugaard M et al. Placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites is mediated by the interaction between VAR2CSA and chondroitin sulfate A on syndecan-1. P L o S Pathogens. 2016 Aug;12(8). e1005831. Available from, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005831

Author

Ayres Pereira, Marina ; Mandel Clausen, Thomas ; Pehrson, Caroline ; Mao, Yang ; Resende, Mafalda ; Daugaard, Mads ; Riis Kristensen, Anders ; Spliid, Charlotte Bredo ; Mathiesen, Line ; E Knudsen, Lisbeth ; Damm, Peter ; G Theander, Thor ; R Hansson, Stefan ; A Nielsen, Morten ; Salanti, Ali. / Placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites is mediated by the interaction between VAR2CSA and chondroitin sulfate A on syndecan-1. In: P L o S Pathogens. 2016 ; Vol. 12, No. 8.

Bibtex

@article{7f1a9d96162f462b8613795b8ac98e94,
title = "Placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites is mediated by the interaction between VAR2CSA and chondroitin sulfate A on syndecan-1",
abstract = "During placental malaria, Plasmodium falciparum infected erythrocytes sequester in the placenta, causing health problems for both the mother and fetus. The specific adherence is mediated by the VAR2CSA protein, which binds to placental chondroitin sulfate (CS) on chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) in the placental syncytium. However, the identity of the CSPG core protein and the cellular impact of the interaction have remain elusive. In this study we identified the specific CSPG core protein to which the CS is attached, and characterized its exact placental location. VAR2CSA pull-down experiments using placental extracts from whole placenta or syncytiotrophoblast microvillous cell membranes showed three distinct CSPGs available for VAR2CSA adherence. Further examination of these three CSPGs by immunofluorescence and proximity ligation assays showed that syndecan-1 is the main receptor for VAR2CSA mediated placental adherence. We further show that the commonly used placental choriocarcinoma cell line, BeWo, express a different set of proteoglycans than those present on placental syncytiotrophoblast and may not be the most biologically relevant model to study placental malaria. Syncytial fusion of the BeWo cells, triggered by forskolin treatment, caused an increased expression of placental CS-modified syndecan-1. In line with this, we show that rVAR2 binding to placental CS impairs syndecan-1-related Src signaling in forskolin treated BeWo cells, but not in untreated cells.",
author = "{Ayres Pereira}, Marina and {Mandel Clausen}, Thomas and Caroline Pehrson and Yang Mao and Mafalda Resende and Mads Daugaard and {Riis Kristensen}, Anders and Spliid, {Charlotte Bredo} and Line Mathiesen and {E Knudsen}, Lisbeth and Peter Damm and {G Theander}, Thor and {R Hansson}, Stefan and {A Nielsen}, Morten and Ali Salanti",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1371/journal.ppat.1005831",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "P L o S Pathogens",
issn = "1553-7366",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites is mediated by the interaction between VAR2CSA and chondroitin sulfate A on syndecan-1

AU - Ayres Pereira,Marina

AU - Mandel Clausen,Thomas

AU - Pehrson,Caroline

AU - Mao,Yang

AU - Resende,Mafalda

AU - Daugaard,Mads

AU - Riis Kristensen,Anders

AU - Spliid,Charlotte Bredo

AU - Mathiesen,Line

AU - E Knudsen,Lisbeth

AU - Damm,Peter

AU - G Theander,Thor

AU - R Hansson,Stefan

AU - A Nielsen,Morten

AU - Salanti,Ali

PY - 2016/8

Y1 - 2016/8

N2 - During placental malaria, Plasmodium falciparum infected erythrocytes sequester in the placenta, causing health problems for both the mother and fetus. The specific adherence is mediated by the VAR2CSA protein, which binds to placental chondroitin sulfate (CS) on chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) in the placental syncytium. However, the identity of the CSPG core protein and the cellular impact of the interaction have remain elusive. In this study we identified the specific CSPG core protein to which the CS is attached, and characterized its exact placental location. VAR2CSA pull-down experiments using placental extracts from whole placenta or syncytiotrophoblast microvillous cell membranes showed three distinct CSPGs available for VAR2CSA adherence. Further examination of these three CSPGs by immunofluorescence and proximity ligation assays showed that syndecan-1 is the main receptor for VAR2CSA mediated placental adherence. We further show that the commonly used placental choriocarcinoma cell line, BeWo, express a different set of proteoglycans than those present on placental syncytiotrophoblast and may not be the most biologically relevant model to study placental malaria. Syncytial fusion of the BeWo cells, triggered by forskolin treatment, caused an increased expression of placental CS-modified syndecan-1. In line with this, we show that rVAR2 binding to placental CS impairs syndecan-1-related Src signaling in forskolin treated BeWo cells, but not in untreated cells.

AB - During placental malaria, Plasmodium falciparum infected erythrocytes sequester in the placenta, causing health problems for both the mother and fetus. The specific adherence is mediated by the VAR2CSA protein, which binds to placental chondroitin sulfate (CS) on chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) in the placental syncytium. However, the identity of the CSPG core protein and the cellular impact of the interaction have remain elusive. In this study we identified the specific CSPG core protein to which the CS is attached, and characterized its exact placental location. VAR2CSA pull-down experiments using placental extracts from whole placenta or syncytiotrophoblast microvillous cell membranes showed three distinct CSPGs available for VAR2CSA adherence. Further examination of these three CSPGs by immunofluorescence and proximity ligation assays showed that syndecan-1 is the main receptor for VAR2CSA mediated placental adherence. We further show that the commonly used placental choriocarcinoma cell line, BeWo, express a different set of proteoglycans than those present on placental syncytiotrophoblast and may not be the most biologically relevant model to study placental malaria. Syncytial fusion of the BeWo cells, triggered by forskolin treatment, caused an increased expression of placental CS-modified syndecan-1. In line with this, we show that rVAR2 binding to placental CS impairs syndecan-1-related Src signaling in forskolin treated BeWo cells, but not in untreated cells.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005831

DO - 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005831

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

JO - P L o S Pathogens

T2 - P L o S Pathogens

JF - P L o S Pathogens

SN - 1553-7366

IS - 8

M1 - e1005831

ER -

ID: 164856200