Molecular dissection of placental malaria protein VAR2CSA interaction with a chemo-enzymatically synthesized chondroitin sulfate library

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Molecular dissection of placental malaria protein VAR2CSA interaction with a chemo-enzymatically synthesized chondroitin sulfate library. / Sugiura, Nobuo; Clausen, Thomas Mandel; Shioiri, Tatsuasa; Gustavsson, Tobias; Watanabe, Hideto; Salanti, Ali.

In: Glycoconjugate Journal, Vol. 33, No. 6, 12.2016, p. 985-994.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Sugiura, N, Clausen, TM, Shioiri, T, Gustavsson, T, Watanabe, H & Salanti, A 2016, 'Molecular dissection of placental malaria protein VAR2CSA interaction with a chemo-enzymatically synthesized chondroitin sulfate library', Glycoconjugate Journal, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 985-994. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10719-016-9685-z

APA

Sugiura, N., Clausen, T. M., Shioiri, T., Gustavsson, T., Watanabe, H., & Salanti, A. (2016). Molecular dissection of placental malaria protein VAR2CSA interaction with a chemo-enzymatically synthesized chondroitin sulfate library. Glycoconjugate Journal, 33(6), 985-994. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10719-016-9685-z

Vancouver

Sugiura N, Clausen TM, Shioiri T, Gustavsson T, Watanabe H, Salanti A. Molecular dissection of placental malaria protein VAR2CSA interaction with a chemo-enzymatically synthesized chondroitin sulfate library. Glycoconjugate Journal. 2016 Dec;33(6):985-994. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10719-016-9685-z

Author

Sugiura, Nobuo ; Clausen, Thomas Mandel ; Shioiri, Tatsuasa ; Gustavsson, Tobias ; Watanabe, Hideto ; Salanti, Ali. / Molecular dissection of placental malaria protein VAR2CSA interaction with a chemo-enzymatically synthesized chondroitin sulfate library. In: Glycoconjugate Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 33, No. 6. pp. 985-994.

Bibtex

@article{f6b80a65eb6d400aa62ba64e5d22ee78,
title = "Molecular dissection of placental malaria protein VAR2CSA interaction with a chemo-enzymatically synthesized chondroitin sulfate library",
abstract = "Placental malaria, a serious infection caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum, is characterized by the selective accumulation of infected erythrocytes (IEs) in the placentas of the pregnant women. Placental adherence is mediated by the malarial VAR2CSA protein, which interacts with chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans present in the placental tissue. CS is a linear acidic polysaccharide composed of repeating disaccharide units of d-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine that are modified by sulfate groups at different positions. Previous reports have shown that placental-adhering IEs were associated with an unusually low sulfated form of chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) and that a partially sulfated dodecasaccharide is the minimal motif for the interaction. However, the fine molecular structure of this CS chain remains unclear. In this study, we have characterized the CS chain that interacts with a recombinant minimal CS-binding region of VAR2CSA (rVAR2) using a CS library of various defined lengths and sulfate compositions. The CS library was chemo-enzymatically synthesized with bacterial chondroitin polymerase and recombinant CS sulfotransferases. We found that C-4 sulfation of the N-acetyl-d-galactosamine residue is critical for supporting rVAR2 binding, whereas no other sulfate modifications showed effects. Interaction of rVAR2 with CS is highly correlated with the degree of C-4 sulfation and CS chain length. We confirmed that the minimum structure binding to rVAR2 is a tri-sulfated CSA dodecasaccharide, and found that a highly sulfated CSA eicosasaccharide is a more potent inhibitor of rVAR2 binding than the dodecasaccharides. These results suggest that CSA derivatives may potentially serve as targets in therapeutic strategies against placental malaria.",
keywords = "Chemo-enzymatic synthesis, Chondroitin sulfate, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Placental malaria, Surface plasmon resonance (SPR), VAR2SA",
author = "Nobuo Sugiura and Clausen, {Thomas Mandel} and Tatsuasa Shioiri and Tobias Gustavsson and Hideto Watanabe and Ali Salanti",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1007/s10719-016-9685-z",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "985--994",
journal = "Glycoconjugate Journal",
issn = "0282-0080",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular dissection of placental malaria protein VAR2CSA interaction with a chemo-enzymatically synthesized chondroitin sulfate library

AU - Sugiura, Nobuo

AU - Clausen, Thomas Mandel

AU - Shioiri, Tatsuasa

AU - Gustavsson, Tobias

AU - Watanabe, Hideto

AU - Salanti, Ali

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - Placental malaria, a serious infection caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum, is characterized by the selective accumulation of infected erythrocytes (IEs) in the placentas of the pregnant women. Placental adherence is mediated by the malarial VAR2CSA protein, which interacts with chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans present in the placental tissue. CS is a linear acidic polysaccharide composed of repeating disaccharide units of d-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine that are modified by sulfate groups at different positions. Previous reports have shown that placental-adhering IEs were associated with an unusually low sulfated form of chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) and that a partially sulfated dodecasaccharide is the minimal motif for the interaction. However, the fine molecular structure of this CS chain remains unclear. In this study, we have characterized the CS chain that interacts with a recombinant minimal CS-binding region of VAR2CSA (rVAR2) using a CS library of various defined lengths and sulfate compositions. The CS library was chemo-enzymatically synthesized with bacterial chondroitin polymerase and recombinant CS sulfotransferases. We found that C-4 sulfation of the N-acetyl-d-galactosamine residue is critical for supporting rVAR2 binding, whereas no other sulfate modifications showed effects. Interaction of rVAR2 with CS is highly correlated with the degree of C-4 sulfation and CS chain length. We confirmed that the minimum structure binding to rVAR2 is a tri-sulfated CSA dodecasaccharide, and found that a highly sulfated CSA eicosasaccharide is a more potent inhibitor of rVAR2 binding than the dodecasaccharides. These results suggest that CSA derivatives may potentially serve as targets in therapeutic strategies against placental malaria.

AB - Placental malaria, a serious infection caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum, is characterized by the selective accumulation of infected erythrocytes (IEs) in the placentas of the pregnant women. Placental adherence is mediated by the malarial VAR2CSA protein, which interacts with chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans present in the placental tissue. CS is a linear acidic polysaccharide composed of repeating disaccharide units of d-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine that are modified by sulfate groups at different positions. Previous reports have shown that placental-adhering IEs were associated with an unusually low sulfated form of chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) and that a partially sulfated dodecasaccharide is the minimal motif for the interaction. However, the fine molecular structure of this CS chain remains unclear. In this study, we have characterized the CS chain that interacts with a recombinant minimal CS-binding region of VAR2CSA (rVAR2) using a CS library of various defined lengths and sulfate compositions. The CS library was chemo-enzymatically synthesized with bacterial chondroitin polymerase and recombinant CS sulfotransferases. We found that C-4 sulfation of the N-acetyl-d-galactosamine residue is critical for supporting rVAR2 binding, whereas no other sulfate modifications showed effects. Interaction of rVAR2 with CS is highly correlated with the degree of C-4 sulfation and CS chain length. We confirmed that the minimum structure binding to rVAR2 is a tri-sulfated CSA dodecasaccharide, and found that a highly sulfated CSA eicosasaccharide is a more potent inhibitor of rVAR2 binding than the dodecasaccharides. These results suggest that CSA derivatives may potentially serve as targets in therapeutic strategies against placental malaria.

KW - Chemo-enzymatic synthesis

KW - Chondroitin sulfate

KW - Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

KW - Placental malaria

KW - Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)

KW - VAR2SA

U2 - 10.1007/s10719-016-9685-z

DO - 10.1007/s10719-016-9685-z

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27287227

AN - SCOPUS:84973652223

VL - 33

SP - 985

EP - 994

JO - Glycoconjugate Journal

JF - Glycoconjugate Journal

SN - 0282-0080

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 168908900